From 2006 to the 2022 reversal of Roe, we’ve documented nearly 1,400 cases of pregnancy-related criminalization across the U.S. State actors — including police, prosecutors, healthcare workers, family regulation workers, and judges — have deprived pregnant people of virtually every constitutional right in the name of protecting “unborn life.”

The cases show that pregnancy outcomes other than abortion, including birth and pregnancy loss, have been far more likely to result in criminalization.