From January 2006 to June 2022, Pregnancy Justice has documented nearly 1,400 instances in which people across the U.S. were arrested, prosecuted, convicted, or detained because of their pregnancy status or outcomes. The data reveals that Alabama ranks first in the nation for criminalizing pregnancy outcomes and conduct during pregnancy, with nearly half (46.5 %) of all pregnancy-based prosecutions nationwide originating in the state.

Pregnancy Justice’s fact sheet “Alabama: The State of Pregnancy Criminalization” provides an overview of observed trends in pregnancy-related prosecutions in Alabama during the studied time period.